Lesson 5: Youth Criminal Justice Act – Key Elements

Snapshot

Grade Level

8-10; younger grades can just use the summaries of each area and do fewer scenarios.

Duration

1-2 periods

Introduction

The key elements of the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) include legal rights for youth, extrajudicial measures and sanctions, conferences and victims and youth justice.

In Part 1 legal rights for youth who have been stopped or arrested are discussed. Students will also learn about how police, crown or probation officers use extrajudicial measures or sanctions when dealing with youth who have committed offences. In Part 2, students will look at conferences and victims and youth justice.

Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, students will:

  • Find out what rights youth have when police stop them
  • Find out what rights youth have in pre-trial detention
  • Find out what rights youth have in court
  • Understand what extrajudicial measures and sanctions are
  • Understand how extrajudicial measures and sanctions are used
  • Explain the concept of meaningful consequences

Focus Questions

  1. What rights do youth have when stopped or arrested by police?
  2. What rights do youth have in pre-trial detention?
  3. What rights do youth have in court?
  4. What are extrajudicial measures and sanctions under the YCJA?
  5. When do the police, crown or probation exercise their discretion to use an extrajudicial measure or sanction?

Teaching Summary

Topic 1: Legal Rights of Youth

Students will read a summary on Legal Rights for Youth and will discuss a scenario of a youth being stopped by the police.  The activity will conclude with a quiz on what they learned.

Topic 2: Extrajudicial Measures and Sanctions

Students will read a summary on Extrajudicial Measures and Sanctions and will apply what they learned as they put themselves in the place of police and crown to decide on which measures should be used. This activity will end with a short true and false quiz.