Activity 1: YCJA Sentencing Principles
Handout 3: YCJA Sentencing Principles-Quiz can be used for assessment.
Answer Key: Handout 3: YCJA Sentencing Principles
- Both a and c. It includes a set of principles to guide judges in deciding on a fair and appropriate sentence. It asks the judge to consider time served in detention before sentencing.
- To hold the youth accountable through just sanctions that ensure meaningful consequences.
- Both a and c. The sentence should be proportional to the seriousness of the offence. The sentence should be the option that is most likely to rehabilitate and reintegrate the youth.
- Both b and d. Sanctions other than custody should be considered for all young persons, with particular attention to the circumstances of Aboriginal youth. A youth can be given a custodial sentence if the s/he committed a serious indictable offence, which an adult in similar circumstances could serve over 2 years in custody for, and has a pattern of past offences.
- For violent and serious repeat offenders.
- One third.
Activity 2: Youth Sentencing Options
Class participation marks for work on the scenarios can be given.
Activity 3: Adult Sentences for Youth
Answer Key: Handout 9: Adult Sentences for Youth-Scenario
1) No; 2) No; 3) Yes; 4) Yes
Answer Key: Handout 10: Adult Sentences for Youth-Quiz
- Both a and b. It eliminates the transfer hearing to adult court. It enhances the protections of the youth’s rights.
- 14, 15, or 16 and older
- Whether the youth sentence is insufficient to hold the youth accountable.
- Likely in an adult facility, because the youth would probably jeopardize the safety of others.
- Both a and b. Presumptive offences. Third violent serious offence.
- Both c and d. Give notice to the youth and the court if it is not a presumptive offence case. Prove that the case is appropriate for an adult sentence if it is not a presumptive offence case.
- Both b and c. The youth can elect a mode of trial if the penalty could be five or more years. The trial takes place in youth court.
Activity 4: Publication of the Identity of Offender
Handout 11: Publication of Identity of Offender –Scenario can be handed in for marks.
Activity 5: Youth and Adult Records
Handout 13: Youth and Adult Records -Quiz can be used for assessment.
Answer Key: Handout 13: Youth and Adult Records-Quiz
- Adult Records
- Extrajudicial Measures Records
- Access Period
- Youth Records
- Closed Records
- Victim and School
- Courts and Police