Lesson 7: Youth Criminal Justice Act - Sentencing and Records

Assessment

Activity 1: YCJA Sentencing Principles

Handout 3: YCJA Sentencing Principles-Quiz can be used for assessment.

Answer Key: Handout 3: YCJA Sentencing Principles

  1. Both a and c. It includes a set of principles to guide judges in deciding on a fair and appropriate sentence. It asks the judge to consider time served in detention before sentencing.
  2. To hold the youth accountable through just sanctions that ensure meaningful consequences.
  3. Both a and c. The sentence should be proportional to the seriousness of the offence. The sentence should be the option that is most likely to rehabilitate and reintegrate the youth.
  4. Both b and d. Sanctions other than custody should be considered for all young persons, with particular attention to the circumstances of Aboriginal youth. A youth can be given a custodial sentence if the s/he committed a serious indictable offence, which an adult in similar circumstances could serve over 2 years in custody for, and has a pattern of past offences.
  5. For violent and serious repeat offenders.
  6. One third.

Activity 2: Youth Sentencing Options

Class participation marks for work on the scenarios can be given.

Activity 3: Adult Sentences for Youth

Have students complete Handout 9: Adult Sentences for Youth-Scenario. Handout 10: Adult Sentences for Youth-Quiz can be used for assessment.

Answer Key: Handout 9: Adult Sentences for Youth-Scenario

1) No; 2) No; 3) Yes; 4) Yes

Answer Key: Handout 10: Adult Sentences for Youth-Quiz

  1. Both a and b. It eliminates the transfer hearing to adult court. It enhances the protections of the youth’s rights.
  2. 14, 15, or 16 and older
  3. Whether the youth sentence is insufficient to hold the youth accountable.
  4. Likely in an adult facility, because the youth would probably jeopardize the safety of others.
  5. Both a and b. Presumptive offences. Third violent serious offence.
  6. Both c and d. Give notice to the youth and the court if it is not a presumptive offence case. Prove that the case is appropriate for an adult sentence if it is not a presumptive offence case.
  7. Both b and c. The youth can elect a mode of trial if the penalty could be five or more years. The trial takes place in youth court.

Activity 4: Publication of the Identity of Offender

Handout 11: Publication of Identity of Offender –Scenario can be handed in for marks.

Activity 5: Youth and Adult Records

Handout 13: Youth and Adult Records -Quiz can be used for assessment.

Answer Key: Handout 13: Youth and Adult Records-Quiz

  1. Adult Records
  2. Extrajudicial Measures Records
  3. Access Period
  4. Youth Records
  5. Closed Records
  6. Victim and School
  7. Courts and Police