Lesson 12: The Corrections System

Topic 3: Youth and Adult Custody After Trial

A judge can sentence an offender to a term of imprisonment. In deciding the length of the sentence, the judge considers any minimum or maximum term provided for in the Criminal Code of Canada, the offender’s previous convictions, and the other factors that may be noted in a pre-sentence report prepared for the court.

Less serious offences, called summary conviction offences, have a maximum term of six months. More serious convictions called indictable offences, may have a maximum term of life imprisonment.

Youth will be imprisoned in Youth Detention Centres. Adults will be imprisoned either in federal or provincial correctional facilities depending on the type of offence and the length of sentence.